Religion

International Law

France’s “Islamic Separatism”: Using “Republican Values” Against Itself?

January 28, 2021 Tianjiu Zuo 0

In the very first article of the French Constitution, the nation guarantees that “it shall respect all beliefs.” But before this succinct, 5-word statement, the Constitution states that France shall be a secular republic. The reconciliation between secularism and respect for all beliefs, teeter-tottering over history, has finally come to a head in France. In a state that enshrines Liberté, égalité, fraternité, — liberty, equality, brotherhood — there is understandably public outrage against French President Emmanuel Macron’s proposed legislation to fight back against “Islamic separatism.” France’s journey to secularism has not been a tranquil one. Before the French Revolution, the official religion of France was Roman Catholicism – a faith still very much alive today with little over half of the French population Catholic. But after a struggle with the Catholic clergy, the ‘Separation of the Churches and the State’ law was established in 1905. This law abolished the system […]